The cause of osteoporosis is the degrading of bones resulting in low bone mass and density. Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle; so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture.
Unfortunately for women as this disease occur more often for men. There is a high mortality rate in women from broken hip bones due to osteoporosis. The most common place to find osteoporosis is in the spine; which has to carry all the weight. However wrists, hip, arms, and ribs are also prone. The effects include back hump, compressed lungs causing shortness of breath, fatigue, panting, tendonitis, and degraded joints. This is not entirely an “old people disease.”, however the disease occurs as you age and as your body starts to degrade. A weakened body makes it easier to catch diseases, but how you take care of your body is important as well.
When talking about symptoms, osteoporosis barely shows any noticeable signs. You may not be aware until a bone is broken, a backache, humpback, or you become shorter. If you feel that you are getting shorter, this may be as issue that should be explored. At a younger age, there is more bone formation than bone degradation. This bone mass may be retained until about 30 years of age.
After that, the bones start to degrade more than being formed. In older women the degradation occurs two to three times faster than men, which is why this disease is more often found in women. The followings are those who are at risk:
- People who are at the age of 60-65 years old and it will get worse who older than 80 years old Women at menopause or ovarian surgery a decrease in estrogens and androgens.
- Women at menopause have a four times high risk than men of that age.
- A family medical history
- Those with a small stature and low weight
- A nutrition deficiency, especially calcium and vitamin D
- A lack of sunlight or working in conditioning
- A lack of exercise and mobility
- Smokers and a high consumption of alcohol, coffee, tea and soda drinks
- Patients with intestinal and kidney problems
- Constantly using steroid medication or medication for diabetes and the thyroid gland. The best prevention is to avoid controllable risk factors. You should also eat foods with high nutrition, especially calcium, which is found in milk, eggs, small fish, beans and green leafy vegetables. Exercise more often; get more sunlight for more vitamin D and have regular checks on your bone density.
Provided by Healthlab Hua Hin