This article is about diabetes testing; specifically the test for cumulative blood sugar average level, or so called Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test. You may wonder about the importance of this test and its difference to the usual blood sugar test.
The fasting blood sugar test, or so called “Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS)”, is usually taken 8 hours after fasting. It is only able to detect blood sugar level within a short period from the time the test is taken. This means the result is unreliable as it could be affected by the food recently eaten. Unlike the usual blood sugar test, the HbA1c will detect blood sugar level of the past 3 months by examining the sugar attached to Hemoglobin, the protein molecule in red blood cells.
This type of sugar will stay as long as the age of red blood cells, which is usually about 3 months. This means that we do not have to starve ourselves before taking the test. The importance of this test can be simplified as follows: It helps with the diagnosis of diabetes by taking the test at least 2 times or taking it together with the FBS test, depending on the recommendation of the doctor. It helps with the evaluation of diabetes treatment.
It helps with risk assessment for complications in diabetes patients.
Nevertheless, HbA1c has its limitations. If the patient has any condition or disease related to red blood cells; such as anemia, kidney diseases or liver diseases it may affect the cumulative blood sugar average level to deviate from the real result. Last but not least, please take a good care of yourself, eat all 5 food groups, exercise and do not forget to control the amount of sugar you consume each day. It should not exceed 8 teaspoons or 40 grams per day.
Provided by Health Lab Hua Hin