The Bangkok Hospital Hun Hin has begun a campaign to make sure everyone understand the signs, dangers and treatment options for stroke. What’s the main message? We asked to resident neurology specialists that question and the answer was unanimous. “Time is important get to hospital as soon as you possibly can”
When dealing with stroke acting F.A.S.T. is key to treatment and recovery. This is the main platform of the Stroke Campaign; understanding the signs of a stroke and seeking early intervention. ‘Saving your brain’ depends upon reducing every moment that it is deprived of oxygen. F: Face : Is the smile one side droopy? A: Arms: Raise both arms is one side weak? S: Speech: Speak a simple sentence is it slurred or unable to? T: TIME : Loss of time could be loss of brain
What Is Stroke
Stroke is a rapid loss of brain functions caused by a reduction in blood flow to the brain, often caused by either blocked blood vessels to the brain or a ruptured blood vessel within the brain itself.
There are two main types of stroke
Ischemic strokes happen when something blocks an artery that carries blood to the brain. There are several possible causes: – A blood clot forms in a main artery to the brain, – A blood clot, air bubble or fat globule forms in a blood vessel and is carried to the brain There is a blockage in the tiny blood vessels deep inside the brain Hemorrhagic strokes happen when a blood vessel bursts and bleeds into the brain (a hemorrhage). The hemorrhage may be due to the burst of blood vessel within the brain itself, or bleeding from a blood vessel on the surface of the brain into the area between the brain and the skull.
What Are The Risk Factors For Stroke?
You can’t prevent stroke but a healthy lifestyle will significantly reduce the risks.
Controllable Risk Factors:
– High Blood Pressure
– Atrial Fibrillation
-Irregular heart beat
– High Cholesterol
-Thickening and hardening of the arteries
– Circulation Problems
– Tobacco Use and Smoking
– Alcohol Use
– Physical Inactivity
Uncontrollable Risk Factors:
– Family History
– Previous Stroke or TIA (a transient ischemic attack, also called a mini-stroke).
– Fibromuscular Dysplasia-Narrowing of the arteries
– Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO or Hole in the heart).
What Are The Treatment Options?
If the stroke is caused by a blood clot, a clot-busting drug may be given to dissolve the clot. To be effective, this treatment must be started within 3 to 4 1/2 hours of from the moment the symptoms start. Other given treatments in the hospital will depend on the cause of the stroke.
These may include blood thinners such as heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), aspirin or clopidogrel (Plavix). – Medicine to control symptoms such as high blood pressure – Special procedures or surgery to relieve symptoms or prevent more stroke – Nutrients and fluids – Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and swallowing therapy will all begin in the hospital.
The goal of treatment after a stroke is to help you recover as many functions as possible and prevent future stroke. Recovery from the stroke will begin from the moment you in care, including in the ambulance on the way to hospital. The recovery process will continue when you go home.
The Bangkok Hospital Hua Hin Stroke Response Team
The mainstays of the neurology team at the Bangkok Hospital are Dr. Yutthana Sriwichit (neurologist) and Dr. Parnamus Piyavecchvirat (neurosurgeon). By saying ‘mainstay’, apart from these specialist doctors and nursing staff, training of all Bangkok Hospital staff ensures an understanding of the symptoms and the need for rapid responses as a priority of the hospital. This includes reception staff and everyone who may first come across someone experiencing a stroke.
Dr. Parnamus Piyavecchvirat Dr. Yutthana Sriwichit The doctors are on stand-by onsite in the hospital and are available 24 hours / 7 days. The hospital can also arrange rapid transfer (including by air) to Bangkok facilities in critical cases when more subspecialists and higher facilities are required. The emergency line is 1719 or 032-616- 888 to ensure a rapid response. There is also a service to provide communications in your language so that your call will be understood.
An ambulance is likely to be dispatched almost immediately. Treatments can be started even before arriving at the hospital. Our thanks to the ‘brain doctors’ of Bangkok Hospital Hua Hin for their hospitality, time and insights into Stroke! Having a Stroke may be a scary event, but knowing that ‘best practice’ is available in Hua Hin should provide all the confidence you need.